Our digest of news from Israel’s cultural war against the Palestinians
Cádiz – and London
On December 20th the press office of the City of Cádiz announced that the Cádiz Court (Juzgado de Instrucción número 1 de Cádiz) had dismissed a case brought by the pro-Israeli organisation, ACOM against the Council’s decision to cancel a festival of Israeli films, organized in collaboration with the Israeli Embassy in Madrid and set to take place in a municipal building.
The court’s decision overturns an earlier ruling. In making it, Judge Maria del Carmen Fornell found that ‘the suppression of the Israeli film cycle does not rest on antisemitic motives or exclusion on the grounds of nationality, nor does it demonstrate contempt for elementary norms of coexistence or dignity of the person.’
Responding to the decision, the Mayor of Cádiz, José María González, said that the cancellation of the film festival was ‘not an act of hate, but an act of love and respect for Human Rights, framed in defence of the freedom of the Palestinian people, in the rejection of the illegal Israeli occupation and apartheid.’
Gonzalez went on, ‘Civic institutions have the right and duty to protect human rights, and that is what the City Council of Cádiz is doing … [We] will ‘never remain indifferent to injustice … Reason and our heart are with Palestine. … We will continue fighting racism.’
Meanwhile, in the United Kingdom, the new Conservative government has announced that it will legislate against councils which take action in support of BDS and similar movements. ‘We will stop public institutions from imposing their own approach or views about international relations, through preventing boycotts, divestment or sanctions campaigns against foreign countries and those who trade with them. We will create a coherent approach to foreign relations from all public institutions, by ensuring that they do not go beyond the UK Government’s settled policy towards a foreign country’. (Background Briefing Notes to Queen’s Speech December 2019.)
Jerusalem: a punishment for provocation
Artswatch, June 2018, reported the threats made by Culture Minister Miri Regev against the Barbur Gallery in Jerusalem. According to Regev, the Barbur Gallery had been repeatedly guilty of “subversive activity” and of promoting ‘ceaseless pro-Palestinian provocations” that “seek to subvert the state’s existence and nurture fairy tales about the Nakba’. The Jerusalem municipality has also had Barbur in its sights – for more than a year it has been seeking to close the gallery, in response to its hosting of a gathering of the anti-occupation group Breaking the Silence.
Now, reports Naama Riba in Ha’aretz (27th December), the municipality has got its way. The municipality’s education department had requested the building be turned into a kindergarten, and the gallery is accordingly being evicted.
Hagit Moshe, deputy mayor in charge of education, said in a statement to the press: ‘The voice of Torah and Zionism will be heard instead of Barbur’s slander.” She added, “I’m glad that the struggle I have been part of since the last term has succeeded and we have killed two birds with one stone – an important addition to the kindergartens and the closing of a gallery that specializes in provocation and damage to Israel’s good name under the guise of artistic freedom.’
Yossi Havilio, a lawyer who represented the gallery and is a Jerusalem city councilman, said that if a planned public campaign did not succeed, the gallery would pursue legal action in an effort to remain in the location.
Berlin: a new ban
On 30th November, DJ and music producer Bella Cuts was booked to appear at a Berlin show hosted by the German feminist publication Missy Magazine. Two weeks beforehand, she was told that she had been disinvited: Missy Magazine refuses to work with anyone who publicly supports BDS.
Missy Magazine is consistent and forthright in its views. There is little difference between antisemitism of the left, and that of the far right. Left-wing analysis of the Israel lobby, it claims, is a modern-day version of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. The media are not biased in favour of Israel and those who claim otherwise are recycling antisemitic conspiracy theories. In fact, wherever ‘there’s criticism of Israel, you’ll usually find antisemitism.’
Bella Cuts has responded with a combative series of tweets. She cites the lengthening list of artists and activists who have been banned from performing or speaking in Germany. She writes:
‘In its 11 years of existence, Missy Magazine has not once reported on the struggles of Palestinian women – in the occupied territories or in Israel – against patriarchy and state-sanctioned racism. They have been completely erased.
‘Antisemitism must be fought, as must Islamophobia, and all forms of racism. Conflating support for BDS with antisemitism does not advance the fight against antisemitism – it only undermines the very real presence of both anti-Jewish and anti-Muslim sentiments that are currently on the rise in Europe.’
‘A feminism that does not speak out against all forms of racism,’ Bella Cuts concludes, ‘is simply not feminism.’
East Jerusalem: everyday harassment
Since Donald Trump announced that the USA would recognise Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, efforts to disrupt and suppress Palestinian life have become more intense. The demolition of Palestinian homes has intensified; likewise settlement-building. Cultural repression has also been stepped up.
The Times of Israel (25th November) reported that Public Security Minister Gilad Erdan had ordered the closure of the Jerusalem office of the Directorate of Education, the banning of activities by Palestine TV and the arrest of the director of the al-Araz production company that hosts the channel. Middle East Monitor (6thDecember) reported that Israeli soldiers had arrested a Palestine TV crew on the set of the programme Good Morning Jerusalem, after confiscating their cameras and broadcast equipment. The crew were issued with 15-day ‘stop work’ orders.
The latest moves follow months of harassment directed at cultural institutions. Rania Elias, director of the Yabous Cultural Centre told the BBC : “Several times we’ve announced readings, concerts, and exhibitions, and they’ve been stopped by Israeli forces …They come one hour before the event with soldiers and an order saying that, according to the information they have, we are organising an event that is against the security of Israel.”
One of the events shut down was an event in memory of the doctor and writer Subhi Ghosheh, exiled from his homeland for nearly fifty years. The Sabeel-Kairos website offered a brief summary of his life and work:
‘He worked as a doctor in Jerusalem from 1953-71. He had a heart for the poor people he treated, often foregoing charges or paying for medication for those who had no money. He was also renowned as an expert on the history of Jerusalem and wrote about Palestinian culture.’
‘Culture is a kind of peaceful resistance,’ said Elias, ‘and a way of preserving our cultural identity and heritage … It gives people hope, and so they [the occupation forces] don’t want these events to happen.’
Morocco: refusing an invitation
Docaviv – the Tel Aviv International Documentary Film Festival – describes itself as ‘among the world’s leading documentary festivals, with over 100 new local and international documentaries screened each year’. It is supported by, among others, Israel’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Docaviv invited an Amazigh film-maker in Morocco, Nadir Bouhmouch, to submit his film, Amussu, to its 2020 festival.
Replying to Docaviv Bouhmouch wrote:
‘Amussu is a film about resistance, about the fight of an [Amazigh] community for water, land and dignity. It is a cause which is not very different from that of Palestinian farmers in the West Bank, who are banned from digging wells on their own land, and who have to pay to use their own water supplies’.
Affirming his support for the BDS movement for Palestinian rights, Bouhmouch says that he would be very happy if everyone in Israel/Palestine were able to watch his film – but not under conditions of oppression. ‘The city in which you seek to screen our film remains inaccessible to Palestinian communities in the West Bank and Gaza, who – if they have a pass – must go through hours of humiliating checkpoints and violence. Or – when they don’t have a pass – simply can’t go at all.’ Rather than screen his film in these conditions, he will wait for the collapse of the apartheid regime, when it will be accessible to all who wish to see it.
Music, travel and invitations
The band El Container, plays ‘an upbeat mixture of western rock and rap music in bold Arabic words’.
All six of its members grew up in East Jerusalem, and so have permanent residency in Israel, but their official nationality is ‘undefined’, and they have no passport. To travel outside Palestine/Israel they must apply to festivals online in the hope of endorsement for an entry visa, which rarely comes. BBC journalist William Ralston notes in an informative article about music in Palestine that this ‘scuppers their chances of releasing their music because labels are reluctant to sign a band unable to tour across the primary Arabic markets, namely Lebanon, Syria, and Dubai’.
Despite these difficulties, the band has performed in Turkey, Italy, Morocco, Jordan, and Egypt. They have declined other invitations because they’re sent with the wrong intentions. ‘They try to connect Israeli and Palestinian bands on the same stage to show that they can exist in the same space, so the music is never the focus,’ says band member Suleiman Harb.
+972 magazine reported on 3rd October that Dareen Tatour, the Palestinian poet arrested in 2015 over a poem she published on Facebook (see previous editions of Artswatch), is ‘finally free’. After years of house arrest, months in prison and an international campaign of protest, Israel’s Supreme Court rejected the state’s petition to restore her overturned conviction for incitement to violence.
Attorney Gaby Lasky, who represented Tatour, said that the state’s attempt to appeal a reduced sentence for a poet spoke to its inability to accept the basic democratic principle of freedom of expression. The efforts to taint her poetry as a criminal act were now at an end, Lasky declared.
*Featured image – Cadiz poster translation: ‘Apartheid free space – solidarity with Palestine’